Whats the importance of Cows in Indian Economy

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We all know that our nation India has about more than 70 percent area in rural. 60 percent of the nation’s population directly or indirectly depends on agriculture. So, Agriculture is the backbone of India’s economy.

Only when primary sector (Agriculture) is efficient, the secondary (Industries/Manufacturing) & tertiary (Services) can perform well. It is not new to hear the plight of Indian farmers. Between 2012-2014, more than 3000 farmers have committed suicide.

Does it pays justice to the India as a nation whose 70 percent part is rural. But wait this article is about cow. Right ?

Ancient India

Cow in Ancient India
Cow in Ancient India

Tracing the history of this magnificent creature, we turned to ancient India till present times. Indian indigenous cow was worshiped in India since ancient times, due to many scientific reasons. Agriculture was the major economic force of India and almost every major Indian festival was related to a agriculture activity.

Indian Cow has been a symbol of wealth for people of India. The cow dung has been used as source of fuel and fertilizer for Indian farmers. It was all organic and produced high yielding crops. Cow was the only base of sustainable agriculture with environment friendly practices. In fact, cow was regarded more than gold at that time. Krishna used to herd cows and had very high regard for them. Guru Nanak Dev Ji also spent a lot of time to herd cows.

Indian Cow’s Milk = Mother’s Milk

On the other hand, the milk of Indian cow is found to be most nourishing. It is advised by doctors that infants should drink milk of his/her mother only. Cow, being a mammal gives milk for her calves but it shares her milk with the people for there welfare. Today we can make curd, cream, butter, and around 30 more food items with milk. Due to cross breeding today, there are two types of milk that cows give now – A1 & A2. The primitive cows in India have got A2 protein which has same quality and nutrition as mother’s milk. Hence the status of mother or Gau Mata was given to her.

Cow was considered part of one’s family. Ralph Fitch,merchant of England and one of the earliest English travelers to India wrote a letter home in 1580 stating, “They have a very strange order among them – they worship a cow and esteem much of the cow’s dung to paint the walls of their houses … They eat no flesh, but live by roots and rice and milk.”

Mughal Period

When Mughals came to India, they had a tradition of killing goats and sheep as sacrifice on Bakri-Eid. Cow was new to them as there were no cows in Arab countries. Slowly, they began to sacrifice cow. But later all the Mughal rulers prohibited killing of cows except Aurangzeb. He was considered to be the most cruel ruler among Mughals. The last Mughal ruler Bahadur Shah Zafar also banned the cow slaughter.

British destroyed Indian Economic Growth

When British came to India and explored all over the subcontinent, they found that they cannot rule the country directly. Indian economy was strongly held by Indian cow and Organic Agriculture and Indian education system was fully based on values, science, Gurukul system deeply rooted in the culture. Governor of British India Robert Clive made an extensive research on the agriculture here. He found that :

  • Cows were the basis of Indian agriculture and agriculture in India cannot be executed without the help of cow.
  • To break the Backbone of Indian agriculture cows had to be eliminated.

First Slaughter House & Beef

Slaughter House during British Rule
Slaughter House during British Rule

So the first slaughterhouse in India was started in 1760 in Kolkata, which killed about 30,000 Indian cows per day, so at least one crore cows were eliminated in an year’s time. It was used by British soldiers as food or traded to England. Beef became the main food of British in India. When Indian agriculture faced a backslash, they introduced commercial farming full of chemicals and fertilizers and made it another industry of trade. They destroyed the complete economic system of India by this action. Also to completely stop growth of Indian indigenous cows, they imported jersey and cross bred with Indian breeds of cows.

Indian Cows vs Jersey

Indian Cow vs Jersey
Indian Cow vs Jersey

Today most of the dairies across India produce milk from Jersey cows. Jersey breeds cannot be considered as cows, as these are originally a breed of a wild animal named URUS. People of Europe hunted this wild animal for good quality and quantity of meat. Shocking fact is that even today the milk of these animals are not used directly for consumption in Europe because the milk of these animals contain a poisonous chemical called CASOMORPHINE. At this point of time, saving Indian indigenous cow is the matter of urgency for nation’s health because no food is complete without milk.

After 1947

First Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru feeding the Cow
First Prime Minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru feeding the Cow
Congress Election Symbol
Congress Election Symbol

After 1947, Indian National Congress used cow and her calf as there party election symbol during Indira Gandhi’s time to connect with Indian masses. But from 350 slaughter houses in India in 1947, it has increased to more than 36000 today. In 1947, population of India was 30 crores and cows were about 120 crores. As per 2014, there are 120 crore people and just 20 crore cows left in India. India is the highest exporter of beef in the world as per 2015. Ignorant experts of economics fail to understand the value of alive cow. A live cow can generate 100 times more money by her valuable products than dead. Just one cow can fertilize one acre of land. If a farmer just spend one-third of the total money he spend on fertilizers,  he can keep the cow and also produce high yielding crops which has double the output value, both in terms of quality and quantity.

Beef – Nutrition or Taste

Comparing the nutrition values of beef to raw soya found that soya has more nutrition values than the beef – Be it proteins or carbohydrates.

Beef vs Soya
Beef vs Soya



Indian Cruisine
Indian Cruisine

Coming to taste and variety, on November 2, 2010, in an event of World’s Largest Food Festival in Ahmedabad, Gujarat – 5,600 dishes were prepared with all taste types by the Art of Living Foundation. On this land, where we can have so much variety of food in every state of India, why to go for beef, which actually has no nutrition or taste.

Save Indian Cow, Save Nation

Save Indian Cow
Save Indian Cow

If we, one as a nation wants to progress and be in the lead, we have to go together – urban or rural. 70 percent of our rural & our farmers need to get rid of agriculture problems. If we just focus on revival of our Indian cows, we can save our entire future generations. Use of Indian cows in Agriculture giving growth to organics, getting rid of chemicals and saving their money, happy farmers, better output value in market. & guess what, we all eat what is grown in our farms. So it helps us, our health, our economy.

If nation altogether is empowered, we all can live happy, every single section of the society gets the benefit.

Further Readings

Gaurav Garg

Gaurav Garg

Web Developer by Profession, Gaurav loves to write on Indian Culture & Spirituality. He is equally passionate for Technology & Entrepreneurship.

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